Photo of SATA ports on a motherboard (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Today we begin by working on a hp Pavilion a1709n Desktop. We will replacing the hard drive. The old hard drive has died, so we are going to replace it with a Western Digital sata 500GB.
We will start by going into the Bios(Basic Input/Output System) you should be able to find this on the screen when you first start the computer, however if you don’t find it, try one of the Function Key‘s F1 thru F12
Once you have entered the Bios, look for Advanced setting, you will want to look for something that allows you to adjust the boot order, and make the settings for the cd-rom to be the first so when you put in the cd and start the computer, it will start to load Windows. http://www.ehow.com/how_6186103_boot-cd-hp-pavilion.html
First off, we want to shut off the computer. Then remove the Keyboard, Mouse, Ethernet, Display, which is either a VGA, or DVI power cord from the back of the computer. Put on your Esd (Electrostatic wrist band) grounding yourself to the computer. Next, remove the cover from the computer, removing the thumb screw and sliding off the cover.
There are three tabs on the inside of the case that holds on the front panel , push in on each of these to remove the front panel, it will swing out.
Remove the Sata (“Serial Advanced Technology Attachment“ Source:http://www.pmicomputersupplies.com) colored wire, and power connector from the back of the hard-drive. you will need to remove the memory card Reader Drive, there is one screw holding in this device, once you slide this out, you can disconnect the cable to the Memory Card Reader or just move it out-of-the-way.
Now, the HP has what is called a latch drive bracket, you have to pull up on the plastic tab to release the hard-drive. Then, you should be able to pull it out through the front of the computer. Remove the new hard drive from the packaging, you will need to remove the mounting screws from the old hard-drive or you can use the several screws that HP has embedded in the front of the computer case.
Once you have screwed in the mounting screws on the hard drive, pull up on the plastic Latch Drive Bracket and slide in the new hard drive. If you are going to use another bay for the hard drive you will have to remove the blank plate, using a flat head screwdriver. Insert and twist to remove this plate.
Once the Hard drive has been slide into the bay, reconnect the Serial(SATA ATA hard drive disk cables to the back of the unit. Reconnect the memory Card Reader Drive,if you had to remove it. Once this is done, remove the ESD static strap from inside the computer, replace the side and front cover.
Now, we can start reformatting the Hard Drive. We will installing Windows Vista Operating system. Take the recovery discs, open up the CD-Rom, pop in the first disc and you should see Windows Loading Files. It will then bring on the screen the recovery Manager, after you click Next, it will ask for the Supplemental disk, place this inside the CD Rom, close the tray and the formatting will begin.
Than it will tell you that it is reformatting the Windows partition of the hard drive. After using the supplemental disk, it will ask for you to put in the first disk. after it is done, it will ask for the Second disk. When it is finished it will display that the “Recovery is Complete.” Click Finish to restart the computer. Make sure you remove the disk.
At some point you will have to produce the product key for the Microsoft operating system. You should find this somewhere on the desktop.
Don’t forget to partition the hard drive. If you notice that the hard drive is only showing 50GB of your 500GB then you didn’t partition the hard drive correctly. Use the Link below
You may need to reinstall Windows, after that your done.
Once at the HP website, type in the model of the computer, this will bring you to the drivers and download page. You want to make sure to update your drivers and the Bios.
Now the Bios is tricky in that if for some reason you lose power while downloading the bios, you will lose the computer. Any interruption of power will cause this to happen. This Bios loads directly to the motherboard, I have done this several times and never ran into a problem.
The link below will take you to the downloading page for drivers and Bios
If you run into any problems working on the computer you can go to the link below